2 green anaheim peppers

Anaheim Pepper

Discover the mild and versatile Anaheim pepper, known for its gentle heat and culinary flexibility.

The Anaheim chili pepper is a mildly spicy pepper named for the city of Anaheim, California (where Disneyland is!) They were brought to California via New Mexico, and are extremely similar to hatch chilis because they originated from the same plant. While Anaheim chilis were cultivated in California, Hatch Chilis remained in New Mexico, and over time the slight differences in soil, nutrition, water, and climate developed these plants into distinct peppers.

Facts about
Anaheim Pepper

Heat level:
500 - 2,500
Capsicum annuum
North America

What are Anaheim peppers?

Tracing back to New Mexico but named after the city of Anaheim, California, Anaheim peppers have carved a niche in the world of chilies. These peppers exhibit a long, slender body with a vibrant green hue, maturing to a bright red. Typically measuring between 6 to 10 inches in length and about 1 to 2 inches in width, their size is substantial among peppers. The flavor profile of Anaheim peppers is mildly spicy with a touch of sweetness, making them a versatile choice in various culinary delights.

How Hot are Anaheim Peppers?

Anaheim peppers register a modest heat level on the Scoville Heat Scale, ranging between 500 to 2,500 SHU (Scoville Heat Units), making them a milder choice for those who are venturing into the spicy domain. Factors such as the growing conditions and the maturity of the peppers can influence their heat level. For instance, a red, fully matured Anaheim pepper may pack more heat compared to its green, younger counterpart. Additionally, the specific growing region may result in variations in spiciness, as soil, climate, and care practices play pivotal roles in determining the heat level of these spicy pods.

Best Uses for Anaheim Peppers

The mild heat and subtle sweetness of Anaheim peppers make them a culinary favorite, finding their place in a myriad of dishes across different cuisines. Be it Mexican, Southwestern, or even Californian cuisine, the Anaheim pepper’s versatility shines bright. From being stuffed with cheese and fried, used in salsas and sauces, to being roasted and incorporated in enchiladas or casseroles, these peppers add a gentle kick of heat that elevates the dish without overpowering it. The charred notes of roasted Anaheim peppers especially harmonize well with the ingredients, offering a comforting warmth and an extra layer of flavor.

Recipe Ideas Using Anaheim Peppers

  • Stuffed Anaheim Peppers: A classic way to enjoy these peppers is by stuffing them with a mixture of cream cheese, cheddar, and herbs, then baking until they’re bubbly and golden. The creaminess of the cheese complements the mild heat of the Anaheim peppers, creating a delicious harmony of flavors.
  • Anaheim Pepper Salsa: Dice up some fresh Anaheim peppers, tomatoes, onions, and cilantro to create a refreshing salsa. The mild heat of the Anaheim pepper makes this salsa a crowd-pleaser, appealing to both spice enthusiasts and those who prefer a milder kick.
  • Roasted Anaheim Pepper Soup: Roasting Anaheim peppers alongside tomatoes and garlic, then blending them into a creamy soup is a comforting meal option. The subtle spiciness of Anaheim peppers adds a delightful warmth to the soup.
  • Anaheim Pepper and Cornbread Stuffing: Adding diced Anaheim peppers to a traditional cornbread stuffing brings a mild spicy twist to the dish. The sweet cornbread pairs well with the gentle heat of the Anaheim peppers, offering a balanced taste.
  • Vegan Anaheim Pepper Chili: Cook up a hearty vegan chili using Anaheim peppers, beans, tomatoes, and a mix of spices. The peppers contribute a mild spiciness that enhances the overall flavor of the chili, making it a satisfying meal for all dietary preferences.

Anaheim Peppers Vs Other Popular Peppers

Anaheim peppers share the spicy stage with several other contenders like jalapeños, poblanos, serranos, bell peppers, and banana peppers. Each pepper brings its own level of heat, flavor profile, and culinary applications to the table. Comparing these peppers to Anaheim peppers helps to appreciate the unique mild heat and versatility of Anaheim peppers, especially in a culinary context.

Pepper TypeScoville Heat Units (SHU)Flavor ProfileBest Culinary Uses
Anaheim500 – 2,500Mild, slightly sweetStuffed, roasted, in salsas and sauces
Jalapeño2,500 – 8,000Moderate heat, bright, crispStuffed, pickled, in salsas
Poblano1,000 – 1,500Mild, rich, earthyStuffed, roasted, in mole sauces
Serrano10,000 – 23,000Hot, crisp, brightRaw in salsas, pickled, grilled
Bell Pepper0Sweet, crispSalads, stir-fried, stuffed
Banana Pepper0 – 500Mild, tangy, sweetPickled, salads, sandwiches

Tips for Growing Anaheim Peppers

Cultivating Anaheim peppers in your home garden can be a rewarding endeavor, offering a fresh supply of this versatile chili. Ideally, Anaheim peppers thrive in a warm climate with well-draining, nutrient-rich soil.

Start by planting them indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last expected frost, then transplant them outdoors once the temperature consistently stays above 70°F. Ensure they receive full sun, at least 6-8 hours per day, and maintain moist, not wet, soil conditions. Regular watering, a balanced fertilizer, and monitoring for common pests like aphids will set your Anaheim peppers on the path to healthy growth, ready to spice up your kitchen in no time.

The journey through the realm of Anaheim peppers unveils a rich blend of mild spiciness and slight sweetness, making them a cherished choice among pepper enthusiasts. Their subtle heat level, coupled with their culinary versatility, allows them to grace various dishes, enhancing flavors without overwhelming the palate. The comparison with other popular peppers further underscores the unique place Anaheim peppers hold in the spicy spectrum, offering a mild heat option for both seasoned spice lovers and those new to the fiery world.

Share your own culinary creations and experiences with Anaheim peppers in the comments section below!